DYNAMICS AND BASIC DIRECTIONS OF THE FOREIGN AND ENTRY TOURISM IN PSKOV REGION
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Several questions connected with the dynamics and basic directions of the international and inner Russian tourism and also the development of the tourist services in one of the Russian regions — Pskov region are covered in the article. The dynamics of the Pskov tourists´ foreign tourism in the period from 2004 to 2012 was analyzed. The most popular destinations and the reasons of the country choice are identified. The foreign tourism was on the low rate before the crisis of the year 2009 but during 2010—2012 the foreign tourism of the Pskov citizens showed its maximum. The leaders in the number of Pskov tourists became the countries which were mostly chosen by the Russians for several years. Among these countries are: Turkey, Egypt and Greece. The analysis of entry of foreign tourists and Russian tourists (from other regions) to Pskov region was carried out. The dynamics of the entry of the foreign tourists was influenced by the economic crisis of 2009 after which the gradual recovery of the entry tourism began. Also Russian regions tourists from which choose Pskov region as a resting-place more often were identified. The scientific originality of the research is defined by the results of the survey that was held in summer of a year 2014 among the guests of Pskov and was focused on the development of tourism in Pskov region. 120 people were asked, among them were Russian and foreign tourists. In the result of the survey the most visited regions of Pskov region were defined. Also the most visited sights of Pskov were identified. The survey also included the evaluation of the condition of touristic services in the region. The results of the research are supposed to be used in the process of the development of touristic services organization in Pskov region.

Keywords:
entry tourism, foreign tourism, Pskov region
Text

В настоящее время туризм превратился в одну из наиболее важных отраслей мировой экономики. В сфере туризма в настоящее время занято огромное количество людей. Каждое седьмое рабочее место в мире сейчас приходится на долю туристского бизнеса, что доказывает важную роль туризма в экономике как развитых, так и развивающихся стран [5].

Одним из главных показателей динамики развития туризма является растущее с каждым годом число международных туристских поездок. Туристский бум начался в конце XX столетия и продолжает нарастать в XXI в. Сейчас число международных поездок туристов составляет примерно 1 млрд. в год, а согласно экспертным оценкам к 2020 г., их количество может достигнуть 1,6 млрд. Международные поездки совершает ежегодно каждый седьмой житель планеты

(эта цифра условна, потому что в реальной жизни один человек может совершить несколько зарубежных поездок в год), но в 2020 г. это может быть уже каждый четвертый-пятый житель Земли [4].

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