Typology of Problem Regions in Russian and Abroad
Rubrics: Economics
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article reveals the possible options for the development of disadvantaged regions, discovers and investigates the specific typology of the most popular regions that have been developed to overcome the less-developed regions of the Russian Federation and the EUzone. Background study confirms the need to address one of the most difficult issues of the modern economy of the Russian Federation — the formation and development of certain types of regions within a single country´s economy. The growing socio-economic disparity in regional development, the emergence of problem (occasionally to the extent of crisis) regions, the disintegration of the Russian economic zone call for innovative mechanisms to facilitate socio-economic stability and sustainability in the regions. The article identifies the types and subtypes of underdeveloped regions in the European Union. At the same time, the urgency and the variety of regional issues in the Russian Federation require detailed strategic research initiatives and innovative proposals coming from representatives of regional authorities. Significant contribution into this process is made through the development of theoretical and methodological solutions to problems of state regulation of the processes of lagging regions ´sustainable development. There is an urgent need for a broad picture of the economic reforms in the Russian regions, for a track-record of major destabilizing factors incidence, for a potential economic growth model, for options and mechanisms for ongoing socio-economic growth as dependent mainly on the internal potential of the region and the most effective use of its own resources and capabilities. The to-date opinions, strategy and market environment conditions are not consistent with the concept of sustainable development in general and the locally-shared vision of sustainable development.

Keywords:
depressed regions, competitiveness, the concept of development, strategy, types of territories
Text


При усилившейся мозаичности российского пространства разделить регионы по типам становится все сложнее, хотя эта задача не была легкой и раньше: плановая экономика не могла «побороть» разнообразие российского пространства и его населения. Кроме сложности самого объекта исследований, есть немало трудно решаемых методических проблем.

Комплексную оценку можно проводить качественными и количественными методами. В экономической науке чаще используются разнообразные математические методы (факторный анализ, многомерные типологии), но результаты расчетов в основном зависят от набора статистических показателей — «что заложишь, то и получишь».

За рубежом экономические стратегии получили широкое применение в процессе преодоления депрессивности регионов. Для реализации стратегий за рубежом разработаны специальные типологии регионов. Проанализируем некоторые из них.

 

References

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3. Krivko, S.R. Tipologizatsiia i sistematizatsiia problemnykh regionov Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Creating a typology and systematizing the problem regions of the Russian Federation]. Retrieved on January, 15, 2014, from http://www. gramota.net/materials/l/2012/9/36.html.

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