Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article discusses issues related to the problem of justifying the value of philosophical creativity in modern culture. It proves the author’s position of special significance of philosophy for the development of personal culture, and worldview of the person and modern society. The article shows that philosophizing is inherently different from other forms of creativity in culture, and agues that philosophical oeuvre bases on the critical perception of the existing knowledge. Involving the theory of self-organization – synergetic – the authors have shown systemic nature of meaning, which plays the role of attractor (a stable solution in the space of cultural meanings). But the sense of simultaneously co-exists in close connection with ad-culture knowledge represented in archetypal forms, continually becoming, realized in connection with the activities of consciousness and clarifying the nature of meaning. The authors demonstrate their position with the notion of discourse. The phenomenon of discourse is considered in its ontological dimensions as a conceptual basis of human existence and position in the culture. On the theories of postmodernism and poststructuralism the authors determine the form of philosophizing, based on the paradoxical structures that have under-subject nature. In this sense, there is the way to overcome the subject-object dualism, because the detection of under-subject nature of the meaning displays this meaning beyond the boundaries of the semantic field of culture. In this case, Philosophizing is a special form of operating in meanings that have just the same universal nature that is inherent to the nature of the phenomenon of meaning. In the end, the authors conclude that the role of philosophy in culture consists of the ability, which exists in its own nature. Philosophical discourse demonstrates its universal and integrative nature in socio-cultural space, creating a unique specific form of positioning oneself in the world. The authors conclude that philosophizing as a form of art, similar to “the science of Socrates” – the art of the truth birth in the course of the dispute, allows all cultural forms to stay dynamic, being in constant dialogue with each other, thereby freezing in their own forms.

meaning, philosophizing, philosophical creativity, transcending, transcendental

Проблема существования бытия человека, в том числе и бытия в культуре, связана с определением онтологических и гносеологических оснований безусловного, а в некоторых философских теориях главного акцедента его бытия – сознания. Философствование как высшая форма деятельности самосознающей способности человека есть опирающееся на некие смысловые структуры способ позиционирования человеком себя в бытии.


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