SEASIDE RECREATION AREA OF THE UNITED KINGDOM: RETROSPECTIVE AND TRENDS
Rubrics: TOURISM
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Stat'ya posvyaschena istorii i sovremennomu razvitiyu morskih kurortov Velikobritanii. Eta tema malo izuchena v nashey strane v svyazi s tem, chto osnovnye turisticheskie marshruty prohodyat cherez London i Stounhendzh. Britanskie kurorty ne slishkom izvestny turisticheskoy publike. Odnako istoriya morskih kurortov Velikobritanii naschityvaet uzhe tri veka i seychas, po poslednim dannym avtoritetnogo zhurnala «Tourism research», ih populyarnost' vnov' vozrastaet. Avtory podrobno opisyvayut osnovnye momenty istorii vozniknoveniya i razvitiya britanskoy kurortnoy industrii, ohvatyvaya period s XVIII v. i do nastoyaschego vremeni, dayut kratkuyu harakteristiku samyh populyarnyh britanskih kurortov. V stat'e analiziruyutsya prichiny, po kotorym vo vtoroy polovine XX v. britanskie kurorty poteryali svoyu byluyu populyarnost'. V poslednie gody zhiteli Velikobritanii vse chasche stali otdavat' predpochtenie otdyhu na rodine. Avtory ob'yasnyayut eti peremeny ryadom prichin: uluchsheniem ekologicheskoy obstanovki na britanskih kurortah, ugrozoy terroristicheskih atak na kurortah Sredizemnomor'ya, krizisom s bezhencami v Evrope. V zaklyuchenie avtor stat'i otmechaet, chto kurorty Velikobritanii – prekrasnoe mesto dlya otdyha. Zdes' mozhno ne tol'ko nasladit'sya plyazhnym otdyhom, no i proyti ser'eznyy kurs ozdorovleniya. Krome togo, pobyvav na lyubom iz britanskih kurortov, mozhno uznat' mnogo novoy i poleznoy istoricheskoy informacii i poluchit' evropeyskoe obsluzhivanie samogo vysokogo urovnya. Vse eti faktory, a takzhe bogataya istoriya britanskoy kurortnoy industrii svidetel'stvuyut o tom, chto kurortnyy biznes Velikobritanii v blizhayshie gody budet uspeshno razvivat'sya.

Keywords:
turizm, kurorty, medicina, ekologiya, statistika, zdorov'e
Text
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References

1. Grey Ph., Designing The Seaside. Society And Nature. Moscow: Nov. lit. obozrenie, 2009, 424 p. (In Russ.).

2. Hassan, John. The seaside, health and the environment in England and Wales since 1800. Aldershot, England,: Ashgate, 2003, p. 96–98.

3. Scott, George Ryley. The Story of Baths and Bathing … Illustrated. Pp. xv. 290. T. Werner Laurie: London, 1939, p. 216.

4. Worpole, Ken. Here comes the sun: architecture and public space in twentieth-century European culture. London: Reaktion, 2000, p. 14.

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