Geotouristics as a Constituent Part of Tourism as a Science
Rubrics: Debate
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article is devoted to the theoretical issues of tourism as a science and considers the genesis and evolution of the scientific paradigm oftouristics, the establishment of scientific terminology (touristics, tourismology, tourism studies). The authors employ the term ´touristics´ and claim that touristics is a complex scientific field and an interdisciplinary research area. Glossaries define touristics as comprising an entire system of tourism sciences, tourist activities, tourist economy, tourist management and tourist legislation. The article states that the theory of tourism originated from economic sciences, which ensures a high level of development that tourist economy, management, marketing, advertising and holiday industry demonstrate today, each contributing to the core oftouristics. However, it would be shortsighted to underestimate the value of geographical and geospatial scientific knowledge for the development oftouristics, which covers geographical space as well as economy. The article views geotouristics as a distinct scientific field studying as its object the continual and discrete (discontinuous) tourism and recreation environment as existing within geographical space. The subject of touristic scientific research encompasses objects of tourist interest, constituents of tourist infrastructure, their nature-oriented and geo-ecological aspect, social and demographic features of the indigenous population and the changes they undergo in the course of tourist and recreational territory development. Finally, the article evaluates the methods and prospects oftouristics.

Keywords:
touristics, geotouristics, structure of geotouristics, object of geotouristics, methods, tourism and recreation environment
Text


Развитие науки о туризме — необходимый современный сложный процесс, определяющий вектор развития теории и практики туристской деятельности в целом. Накоплен опыт практической деятельности, который необходимо обобщать, анализировать, развивать в нужном направлении. К сожалению, зачастую практика обгоняет научные разработки. Идеально, когда развитие науки опережает развитие практики, но опирается на нее и развивается для пользы дела.

Сочетание интереса людей к природе, населению, хозяйству и устройству жизни в других странах мира породило такое направление человеческой деятельности как путешествия и познавательный туризм. Современная география и страноведение стали необходимой научной основой для организации путешествий и туризма в целом. Туризм превратился в индустрию — производство товаров и услуг, связанных с появлением рынка разнообразных предложений и туристских услуг, кото-

 

References

1. Birzhakov, M.B. Vvedenie v turizm [An Introduction to Tourism]. St.Petersburg: GerdaPubl., 2007.

2. Dolzhenko, G.P., Dolzhenko, E. G. Razvitie nauchnykh issledovanii turistskoi deiatel´nosti v Rossii (1930—2010) [The Development of Scientific Research into Tourist Activity in Russia (1930—2010)]. Elektronnoe uchebnoe posobie [Electronic study guidebook]. Rostov-on-Don, 2010. Electronic resource registration certificate № 15890. The study guidebook is available at http://gennadiy-dolzhenko.ru.

3. Zorin, I. V., Kvartal´nov, V.A. Turistika [Touristics]. Moscow: Sovetskiisport Publ., 2001.

4. Zorin, I. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy formirovaniia soderzhaniia professional´nogo turistskogo obrazovaniia [Theoretical basis for the content of professional education in tourism]. Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni doktora pedagogicheskikh nauk [Abstract ofa doctoral thesis]. Moscow, 2001.

5. Kvartal´nov, V.A. Turizm [Tourism]. Moscow: Finansy i statistika, 2007.

6. Komissarova, T.S. Predsrtavlenie о geoturistike i turistskoi destinatsii [The concept of geotouristics and tourist destinations!. Stranovedenie i regionovedenie v reshenii problem ustoichivogo razvitiia v sovremennom mire. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii [National and regional studies as contributing to solving the problem of sustained development in the modern world. Proceedings of an international conference]. St.Petersburg: WM, 2010. pp. 50-55.

7. Komissarova T.S., Makarsky A.M., Kazakov N.P., Sevastyanov D. V. Geographical component of science about tourism or geo tourism (318—325) Science, Technology and Higher Education [Text]: proceedings of the II international research and practice conference, Vol. II, Westwood, April 17th, 2013 / publishing office Accent Graphics communications — Westwood — Canada, 2013. 720 p.

Login or Create
* Forgot password?