THE INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO CRISIS MANAGEMENT: RECENT TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
Rubrics: ECONOMICS
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Despite the fact that crisis management both in terms of the nature of knowledge required and approaches used is largely a synthesis of various disciplines, interdisciplinary aspects and the relationships do not receive sufficient attention. International literature of recent years allows a somewhat broader look at a number of both theoretical and practical aspects of crisis management in a wider context of topics and disciplines. A thorough multi-disciplinary approach to crisis management could be an important part of both the domestic research and training, and practice in the field of crisis management. This article reviews some of the most important interdisciplinary connections of crisis management with risk management, corporate governance, macroeconomic shocks, the concepts of stakeholders and corporate social responsibility, information technology, new institutional economic theory, and a number of concepts from sociology and psychology. The list of categories, models, individual concepts and theories of different subject areas which are closely interrelated with crisis management, according to international researchers, is quite long. In connection with the problems of crisis management this paper considers integrated risk management, holistic risk management, COSO-approach, moral hazard, the abuse of information asymmetry, opportunism, adverse selection, bounded rationality, the propagation model of bankruptcies depending on macroeconomic factors, the models of the influence of international integration and globalization on the dynamics of bankruptcies, epidemic models in crisis management, the sociological concept of disaster management, stakeholder theory of crisis management, the concept of reputation damage of crises, high-frequency trading in financial instruments, and the concepts of organizational learning and organizational storytelling. These and other interdisciplinary concepts serve as a book of recipes that can be applied with varying degrees of relevance to various crises in a company. It is plausible to assume that, other things being equal, crisis management, using an interdisciplinary arsenal, will be more effective and adaptive than the more limited approach based solely on the core of crisis management: economic analysis, legal regulation, management and marketing basics.

Keywords:
crisis management, risk-management, interdisciplinary approach
Text


Значимость мевдисциплинарного подхода для антикризисного управления

Антикризисное управление и в русскоязычной, и зарубежной литературе является сейчас в достаточной степени устоявшейся областью экономико-управленческих знаний и практик. Но несмотря на то, что сердцевина этой дисциплины представляется всеми единообразно, на внешних ее контурах идет взаимодействие с множеством других дисциплин, необязательно экономических, управленческих и правовых, но также социологических, психологических, информационных и других. Поэтому есть все основания дискутировать относительно предметной области кризис-менеджмента в широком смысле этой дисциплины.

Действительно, с одной стороны, можно говорить об антикризисном управлении в узком смысле. Здесь антикризисное управление выступает просто как совокупность финансово-хозяйственных подходов, мер и некоторых юридически значимых стадий, которые позволяют при благоприятном исходе вывести компанию из кризисного положения, первостепенно восстановив ее платежеспособность и обеспечив надлежащую защиту интересов ее кредиторов.

Вместе с тем, с другой стороны, можно и нужно говорить об антикризисном управлении в расширительной трактовке. Это связано в первую очередь с тем, что у предприятия может быть целый спектр кризисных ситуаций и тенденций, которые далеко не в первую очередь связаны с его текущей платежеспособностью. Эти неблагоприятные тенденции могут быть связаны с влиянием широкого спектра факторов — макроэкономических, регулятивных, микроэкономических, институциональных, отраслевых, организационных, технико-технологических, информационных,

 

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